Do Roosters Have Balls

Do Roosters Have Balls? (Yes, Chicken Anatomy Explained)

If you’re interested or intrigued by chickens, sooner or later the question is going to come up, “do roosters have balls?”

The simple answer is that they do, yes.

If that’s all you’re looking for, then I’m happy I could help!

However, if you want to learn more about chicken anatomy and how roosters and hens reproduce, read on!

Roosters Are Male Chickens, You Knew That, Right? 

I feel like I have to make something clear first because there is a lot of confusion around what chickens are, exactly, and some of the terminology.

Chickens are both males and females – much to the surprise of many people I speak to.

Male chickens are called roosters, and female chickens are called hens.

There are some interesting words and names for groups of roosters, chickens, and baby chicks, as I’ve explained in those posts.

So, it should come as no surprise that roosters have male parts. But I bet you’re not aware of how chickens, or birds in general mate, right?

Do Roosters Have Balls?

They do have balls, yes – roosters have two testicles and a small organ called the papilla.

Their testicles operate as you would expect, they are responsible for producing sperm and testosterone.

Sperm is necessary to fertilize an egg and create a new chick, while testosterone is a hormone that influences a rooster’s behavior and development.

Where Are Roosters’ Balls Located?

Something that separates roosters from a lot of other male species is that their testicles are located inside their bodies, not outside.

So, they are not going to be visible at any point.

Can a Rooster Be Neutered?

Yes, a rooster can be neutered – this is called caponizing a rooster.

This is a surgical procedure that removes the testicles and is typically done when a rooster is going to be raised for its meat, or if it’s being too aggressive, has behavioral problems, etc.

Do Roosters Lay Eggs?

No, roosters do not lay eggs. They are male chickens, only female chickens lay eggs, which are the hens.

This is an important distinction to make because it’s a common misconception that all chickens lay eggs.

Only female chickens lay eggs – but interestingly, hens can lay eggs with or without a rooster present in the flock.

If there is not a rooster in the flock, hens lay unfertilized eggs. If there is a rooster in the flock, there is a chance they’ll lay fertilized eggs.

When eggs are being collected for consumption, however, it makes no difference if they’ve been fertilized or not.

When cooking or eating an egg, you’ll have no idea if it’s fertile or not.

The embryo will not start to develop unless a fertilized egg is incubated and kept at a specific temperature in either an incubator or underneath a mother hen.

Are Roosters Good Pets?

This is a question that I get a lot, and it’s really up to what you call ‘good’.

There are some people who keep roosters as pets, but many states have laws against keeping them because they are considered agricultural animals or because they’re too noisy.

Roosters can also be aggressive, to both humans and the other chickens in your flock, and they can do some serious damage with their spurs.

The real question should be, do you want or need a rooster?

The main role of a rooster is to protect hens from predators and fertilize eggs.

Most backyard chicken owners don’t need to worry about predators, and most don’t want to have their chickens’ eggs fertilized.

Unless you need one of these roles filled, I’d pass on having a rooster and save yourself (and your neighbors) the early morning wake-up calls!

In Summary

Roosters do have balls, yes.

The main difference between roosters and other male species is that their testicles are located inside their bodies, not the outside.

If it’s causing a problem, a rooster can be neutered by having his testicles removed – this is called caponizing.


Image credits – Photo by Egor Myznik on Unsplash

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